Salutations,

My name is Kimo Gandall. I am a Political Science, International Studies double major. Additionally, I am a Professional Registered Parliamentarian (PRP), and work to fulfill the National Association of Parliamentarians’ (NAP) sacred oath: 

[We recognize the] supreme importance of respect for equal justice, the pursuit of truth, and the nurture of democratic principles. We regard as essential to these goals the protection of freedom of speech and the guarantee of equal opportunity through the use of parliamentary law. As guardians of parliamentary procedure, we play a vital role in the preservation of a democratic society.

During the Fall, Winter, and Spring quarters, and after the COVID-19 crisis passes, I will hold office hours Mondays, 3:30 – 5 PM in the ASUCI Judicial Board Office, or by scheduled appointment. During COVID-19, please email the Judicial Board for a zoom appointment. 

Now a thing becomes just in two ways: first by the very nature of the case, and this is called “natural right,” secondly by some agreement between men, and this is called “positive right,” as stated above (II-II:57:2). Now laws are written for the purpose of manifesting both these rights, but in different ways. For the written law does indeed contain natural right, but it does not establish it, for the latter derives its force, not from the law but from nature: whereas the written law both contains positive right, and establishes it by giving it force of authority.

Hence it is necessary to judge according to the written law, else judgment would fall short either of the natural or of the positive right.

  • Aquinas, Summa Theologica, II, Q. 60, A. 5.